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Landscape Rehabilitation Following Sand Mining on North Stradbroke Island ABSTRACT This study depicts broad-scale revegetation patterns following sand mining on North Stradbroke Island, south-eastern Queensland, Australia.Based on an ecological timeline spanning 4–20 years post-rehabilitation, the structure of these ecosystems (n = 146) was assessed by distinguishing between periods of
mining areas using time series remote sensing data (ii) examine the extent of sand mining activities and their impacts on distribution and composition of vegetation and (iii) make recommendations on sustainable measures for sand mining practices. Time series, Remote Sensing data and GIS technology were used to determine changes in
50 • March 2012 Ecological REstoRation 30:1 Ecological Restoration Vol. 30, No. 1, 2012 ISSN 1522-4740 E-ISSN 1543-4079 ©2012 by the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. RESEARCH ARTICLE Initial Plant Growth in Sand Mine Spoil Amended with Peat Moss and Fertilizer Under Greenhouse Conditions: Potential Species for Use in
Jan 19, 2021· In view of the problem of soil erosion control and ecological restoration of the tailings reservoir slope, the characteristics of runoff, sediment yield, and velocity of sheet flow of the tailings reservoir slope under four conditions (goosegrass, vetiver, clover, and bare slope) were studied by conducting a laboratory test of hydraulic erosion. Based on the direct shear test and triaxial
Water is the key factor to ensure plant survival in the process of ecological restoration in the coal base of China northwest deserts. On the premise of meeting the mine production and living water demands, we should take measures such as dirt wastewater treatment and water-saving irrigation to increase income and reduce expenditure and allocate limited water re-sources rationally, to provide
An ecological restoration is a practical application of this branch which can be used in the restoration of ecosystems, coenoses, populations or sites disturbed or damaged by human impact.An ecological restoration offers the interesting alternatives to technical reclamations of the localities disturbed by mining.
in ecological restoration projects outside of mining, were applied here to guide both the approach to restoration (so as to enable the site to adapt to changing climates and unpredictable events) and to the measurement of success (completion criteria). This was one of the first instances globally to embed these
Jul 27, 2017· Land Reclamation in Ecological Fragile Areas contains the proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration (LRER 2017, Xi’an, China, 20-23 October 2017). The contributions cover a wide range of topics: • Mining impact on environment• Monitoring, prediction and assessment of mining impact on land environment• Mining methods and …
nitrogen content of tailings sand. Currently, the plants used for ecological restoration of mine tailings in China are showed in Table1. As can be seen from the table 1, plants of poaceae and leguminosae family are most commonly used in ecological restoration of mine tailings.
Nov 22, 2019· Mine ecological restoration is the current necessary step in the process of resources exploitation, so for the study of the mining area ecological restoration, ecological restoration of phosphate rock mountain lands after the ecological benefit evaluation, using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method and frequency analysis method to select the phosphate rock mountain land ecological
ADVERTISEMENTS: This article provides an overview on the restoration of mined areas. Ecosystem destruction by mining for coal, quarrying for minerals, and other processes to meet demands of industries, is an inevitable part of civilization. All over the world, mining sector is crucial in the development and economic prosperity. In India, mining is an important […]
The plant is built on land that in the past has been cleared for farming and mining. Millions of plants and trees were planted to reinstate indigenous vegetation. The coastal park is an ecologically sustainable landscape. It includes freshwater wetlands and woodland and coastal heath landscapes to provide a biodiverse habitat for local fauna.
These Banksia woodlands have undergone severe habitat destruction with urban expansion and are situated on significant deposits for sand mining that have seen post-mining ecological restoration of variable standards. This provides a model system for testing and assessing the ecological genetic consequences of restoration in a fragmented landscape.
Aug 01, 1997· Mining causes soil damage and destruction. In the process of removing the desired mineral material, original soils become lost, or buried by wastes. In many countries legislation now requires that surface soils be conserved and replaced, but there is a vast heritage of degraded land left by past mining that requires restoration.
Mar 12, 2014· Stemming from a special symposium at the 2012 inaugural meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration Australasia in Perth, Western Australia, this special issue editorial addresses novel ecosystems in ecological restoration and the inherent challenges of maintaining the highest standards of environmental stewardship and biological conservation in the face of increasing …
Does spatial patterning determine survival of seedlings in ecological restoration after sand mining? Ms Lauren Svejcar1,2, Dr Rachel Standish1, Dr Ben Miller2, Plant-plant interactions drive plant community structure and dynamics. In the last 20 years, a renewed N-fixing and non N-fixing species in a post-mine restoration site, and to
Alcoa is the recipient of numerous esteemed environmental awards including the Society for Ecological Restoration International Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Field of Ecological Restoration (2003). Since mining commenced in 1963, we have cleared less than four per cent of our Mineral Lease (ML1SA) which extends from Mundaring to
Ecological restoration, the process of repairing sites in nature whose biological communities and ecosystems have been degraded or destroyed. Ecological restoration focuses on repairing the damage to ecosystems caused by human activities and seeks to return them to an earlier state.
Abstract: Vegetation and soil restoration are the key to ecological reconstruction in the damaged areas of open-pit coal mining areas. Ecological stability is an important indicator of the degree of ecological restoration. In this study, the ecological stability and the process of plant and soil restoration were
Fifteen years after restoration, 15 ecological communities and more than 251 plant species have been successfully restored, including many conservation-listed species. The project achieved regulatory sign off against rehabilitation completion criteria in 2018 and is one of the few ‘ecologically designed’ post-mining landscapes globally.
Reclamation processes. As part of the life cycle of a surface coal mine, completed mine areas must undergo rehabilitation.When mining ends, operators must restore the land to its approximate original contour (AOC) or leave the land graded and suitable for a “higher and better” post-mining land use (PMLU) that has been approved as part of the original mining permit application.
The restoration of post-mining land is often stipulated in legislation relating to the industry, which typically requires that land is ‘restored’ to a viable end-use and/or that pre-mining vegetation cover is returned. However, mining activities may irreversibly alter topographies, soils, water dynamics and human land-use.
Four reasons why restoring nature is the most important endeavor of our time. Ecosystem degradation is a global phenomenon. It is expected that by 2050, 95% of Earth's land will be degraded.
This course will provide an overview of the principles of ecological restoration and sustainability as they relate to industrial ecology (forestry, mining, oil and gas, agriculture, hydro-electric power), ecological restoration and succession, and urban world issues (e.g., climate change and sustainability).
Layered Landscapes and Ecological Restoration in Cities. Ecological restoration depends critically on context. In addition to the ecological perspective, ecological restoration in cities needs to consider social and political layers that have impact on a site as well. Context for the site design is critical for a project to endure.
The ecological restoration of mines is by no means the restoration of natural ecosystems. It is also necessary to consider the restoration of economic and social systems that match the natural ecosystems. These two systems must be interrelated and inseparable.
learn about sand mining and ecological restoration. 1997-1999 Most efforts during this period were directed at coordinating, negotiating, and planning among all involved parties. Winter 2000 State Park Stewardship Program (SPSP) submitted the Sand Mine Restoration Plan to USEPA. SPSP began establishing contracts for native plant propagation.
monitor the effectiveness of restoration project implementation. Set a number of sample plots, to observe the biodiversity of wetlands, plant growth, the number of animals (including soil fauna), plant water use data, and to assess the ecological functions of vegetation. Use the mobile weather station to observe the specific periods
Plant functional traits and environmental conditions shape community assembly and ecosystem functioning during restoration Chad R. Zirbel*,1,2, Tyler Bassett1,2,3, Emily Grman1,2,4 and Lars A. Brudvig1,2 1Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA; 2Program in Ecology, Evolutionary
The Namaqualand Restoration Initiative (NRI) was founded by Dr. Peter Carrick (programme director & ecologist), of the Plant Conservation Unit of the University of Cape Town in 2005, with the aim of restoring areas damaged by mining. Previously, ad hoc restoration activities of mined-out areas have been ongoing by different mine operators and
Depending on the restoration goal, there are up to four key variables which should be tracked during monitoring: 1. Demographic monitoring of target or indicator species. 2. Vegetation cover and structural composition. 3. Alien invasive plant species recovery and removal. 4. Quantity of plants or seeds actively restored.
Ecological restoration and mine reclamation have become important parts of the sustainable development strategy in many countries. Good planning and environmental management will minimize the impacts of mining on the environment and will help in preserving eco-diversity. This article assesses the deterioration of chemical, physical and
Mining Act of 1990). Although sand mine reclamation is legally mandated, there is relatively little guidance in the literature afforded to restoration practitioners on how to effectively and efficiently restore former sand mines. A by-product of sand mining that is used in sand mine restoration is spoil. Spoil is a mixture of unwanted sand
Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. Impacts can result in erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, or the contamination of soil, groundwater, and surface water by the chemicals emitted from mining processes. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of carbon which have
While restoration of indigenous grasslands is a priority, conflict with economic objectives means that incorporation of alternative habitats is necessary to offset grassland loss. With up to 800,000 km 2 of land affected by mining globally, there is an opportunity to create additional grassland habitat in post‐mining …
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3985 2 of 12 of the heavy metal pollution in the soil and ecological risk assessment are very important. It can be predicted that soil pollution assessment and ecological restoration in industrial and mining areas will
— 1977 - environmental laboratory was organized; — 1988 - environmental department was organized. Mining operations include two open pits (both are depleted) and three underground mines (Fig. 1). Milling and processing has been carried out at the local hydrometallurgical plant …
Jan 01, 2019· On the other hand, ecological restoration can recuperate mine soil quality, establish a plant–soil relation, regenerate carbon sink, and benefit stakeholders and society. Proper management of post-mining sites requires technical and biological reclamation, and continuous monitoring and care until a self-sustaining ecosystem is established.
Mar 19, 2018· Mining alters the natural landscape and discharges large volumes of wastes that pose serious pollution hazards to the environment, to human health and to agriculture. As a result, the recent 2 decades have witnessed a global surge in research on post-mining landscape restoration, yielding a suite of techniques including physical, chemical, biological (also known as phytoremediation) and